STOCKPORT

Grid Ref: SJ 897 905
1 Dec 2004 & 28 Nov 2008

St. Mary's spacer Market Plaque
St. Mary's   Blue Plaque in the Market Square
Market Hall   Fabric Map
Market Hall of 1862 at reopening in 2008   Fabric Map of Stockport
Underbank Hall   Hat Museum
Underbank Hall   The Hat Museum
Bank   Town Hall
Built for the Union Bank of Manchester but now a clothes shop   The Town Hall

 

Stockport does not readily spring to mind as a tourist destination because of its more recent industrial past but it is an ancient town on an important crossing of the Mersey. If you happen to be in the town with an hour or two to spare, the centre is worth exploration. Before the local government reorganisation of 1974, Stockport was the largest town in Cheshire, just ahead of Birkenhead. Its population had risen from 22,000 in 1801 to 93,000 in 1901 and 142,000 by the census of 1861.

There was a church on the site of St. Mary's as early as 1190 but very little of this survives. The church was replaced by a larger building about 1310 of which the chancel remains. The church was closed when I visited but Raymond Richards mentions that beyond the altar rail is a triple sedilia and a double piscina in the Decorated style. There is an effigy in a recess in the sanctuary of Richard de Vernon, who was rector from 1306-1334. He was the second son of Sir Ralph de Vernon of Shipbrooke. Richards states that the crowning glory of the chancel is the timber roof built during the time of Richard de Vernon. The only other example of this type of roofing in the county is at Tarvin. There was major rebuilding om 1812-14 in which limestone was employed whereas the chancel was built in sandstone. Richards notes that some fine roofing in the rest of the church was lost in the 1812 restoration and that the church was so solid that gunpowder was needed to remove some of the foundations. In a further restoration of 1848, the Vernon Chapel was destroyed.

Pevsner, in introducing the town, remarks that the last remains of the Stockport Castle were destroyed in 1775. It was built in the late 12th century and lay just NW of the church. The site was used by Sir George Warren to build a circular cotton mill with battlements. .

The fabric map shown above was made by 280 young people. It hangs in the former Produce Hall and shows the districts of Reddish, The Heatons, Cheadle Heath, Gatley, Cheadle, Cheadle Hulme, Heald Green, Bridgehall, Bramall, Bramall Park, Woodford, Edgeley, Adswood, Davenport, Offerton, Hazel Grove, High Lane, Strines, Marple, Mellor, Romiley, Compstall, Woodley, Greave, Bredbury, Brinnington and Heaviley.

The Town Hall was built between 1904 and 1908 by Sir Alfred Bramwell Thomas. Pevsner describes it as in a William & Mary style with a Wren middle tower too high and too heavy for the body of the building. The Market Hall dates from 1862 while the Produce Hall was built in 1852. It was originally a single storey building but was adapted in 1875 to produce an upper storey for use as a library.

Underbank Hall is Elizabethan, dating from the late 16th century. It was the town house of the Arderne family of Harden Hall at Brinnington. The original house must have been larger as an inventory of 1619 lists more rooms than surive today. In the 1820s the Arderne family fell on hard times as a result of the gambling of William Arderne, 2nd Baron Alvanley and family property had to be sold. The hall was sold for 3,000 guineas (for younger readers a guinea was £1 1 shilling or £1 and 5 pence in modern reckoning) in September 1823 to four partners who founded the Stockport and East Cheshire Bank in the following year. At that time the Elizabethan residence had Georgian additions. In 1829, the Stockport and Cheshire Bank became part of the Manchester and Liverpool District Banking Company. By 1880 this bank had 54 branches, in Lancashire, Cheshire, Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Shropshire. The bank changed its name to the District Bank in 1924 and in 1962 was acqured by the National Provincial Bank. Then in 1970 this bank merged with the Westminster Bank to form the modern National Westminster Bank. Visitors may see the interior but photography is not allowed for security reasons. However, the bank is happy to make pamphlets available describing the building and its history.

Also in the Stockport area are Bramall Hall, Stockport Museum, Vernon Park, Chadkirk Chapel. The Art Gallery lies almost opposite the Town Hall.  For further pictures see my slide show of a walk in Stockport in November 2008

 

The Arderne/Arden family of Aldford, Alvanley and Harden

Harden Hall, was a moated manor house on the river Tame about 5 miles from Stockport. By the time Earwaker was writing in the 1870s it was in a ruinous state with only half still standing but he gave a detailed description of it based on earlier reports and old engravings. He believed that it was built about 1597 from an inscription on a spout above the entrance. Earwaker remarks that in addition to Harden Hall the Arderne family owned the timber framed house at Underbank in Stockport and Pepper Hall in Yorkshire. Among the pictures at Underbank, some came from from the Done family of Utkinton (see generation 18 in the second tree below). There were portrats by Sir Peter Lely and Godfrey Kneller. When the estates were sold about 1815 the contents of Harden Hall and Underbank were sold by auction.

The Arden family has several branches in Cheshire. The senior branch traces its ancestry to the early 12th century, but at the time that Ormerod was writing there was still uncertainty about the first seven or eight generations.. A simplified tree, based on that in Ormerod with some additions from Earwaker is show below starting with Alexander de Arden.

There is a complicated set of circumstances in generations 8 and 9. John de Arderne in generation 8 married three times and also had illegitimate children. He married first Alicia Venables and after her death first Johanna daughter of Sir Richard de Stokeport, then his cousin, Ellena, daughter of William de Wastneys. He had no children by his second wife but during his life he had the manors she brought him of Stockport, Poynton and Woodford. At the inquistion post mortem his son Peter was declared heir. It is from this Peter that Ormerod claims there is definitive proof from a series of deeds, of the descent of the Ardernes of Alvanley. He then goes on to say "but first it is necessary to unravel the most intricate knot in the Cheshire pedigrees". This relates to Thomas de Arderne, ancestor of the Ardernes of Aldford. During his father's life he recovered the manors of Aldford and Nether Alderley. It appears that Thomas was illegitimate and the complicated trail of evidence showing how land went down the illegitimate line is traced by Ormerod but not repeated here. Ormerod then follows the line from Peter Arderne in generation 9.

Earwaker's East Cheshire has some differences to Ormerod's work and they are noted in the text. Earwaker begins his family tree for the Ardernes of Harden in generation 4 below, with Sir John Arderne.

Note that dates between 1 January and 24 March in the years between 1582 and 1752 are given in the format 1723/4 indicating that it was 1723 on the Julian Calendar until 25 March.   The Gregorian Calendar was introduced in several countries from 1582 but not in England until 1752 when the start of the New Year was made 1 January instead of 25 March, Lady Day on the former Julian Calendar.

 

 

 

Sources

East Cheshire Past and Present by J.P. Earwaker, London, 1877. Now available from the Family History Society of Cheshire on CD ROM .

The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, incorporated with a republication of King's Vale Royal and Leycester's Cheshire Antiquities, 2nd Ed., revised and enlarged by Thomas Helsby, Esq., published by George Routledge and sons, Ludgate Hill, London, 1882. This is now available from the Family History Society of Cheshire on CD ROM. A reprint of the work was published by Eric Morten of Didsbury.

Old Cheshire Churches, with a supplementary survey of the lesser old chapels of Cheshire, completely revised and enlarged by Raymond Richards, first published in 1947 and reprinted by E. J. Morten, Didsbury, 1973.

The Buildings of England: Cheshire, by Nikolaus Pevsner and Edward Hubbard, first edition 1971, Yale University Press edition in 2003.

The Story of Underbank Hall, Stockport, pamphlet available from NatWest in the banking hall.

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Introduction to Cheshire Gentry

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