THE CRAGG FAMILY OF BARNOLDSWICK & SALTERFORTH ,
LANCASHIRE & YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND

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I have been researching the Cragg family of Salterforth since the 1960s but failed to find the baptism of Matthew Cragg the younger, who must have been born about 1769/70. Searches were made in the parishes round Barnoldswick and also parishes in North Yorkshire around Horton in Ribblesdale. Without this piece of information the following deductions could be made.

Matthew Cragg (the elder), was buried at Ghyll Church, Barnoldswick, aged 83, in 1816. He was probably married to Ann, who was said at her burial at Ghyll in 1802, to be the wife of Matthew Cragg, shoemaker. The main evidence that they were the parents of Matthew Cragg (the younger) is as follows. Matthew the elder is described in some deed probate documents as a shoemaker or cordwainer and Matthew the younger was a cordwainer at his marriage and on the baptism of his first child. Some pieces of land occupied by a Matthew Cragg at a time when Matthew the younger was a boy, were still occupied by a Matthew Cragg after the death of Matthew the elder in 1816. There are no other Craggs in the parishes for several mile around Barnoldswick and Salterforth. Following extensive research in an ever widening circle in East Lancashire and West Yorkshire, it seems likely, but cannot yet be proved, that Matthew Cragg the elder came from Horton in Ribblesdale where there are baptisms of a Matthew Cragg son of Richard a labourer in 1734, a daughter Margret in 1732 and a further son Stephen in 1738.

In addition there is a record of a marriage of Matthew Cragg to Ann Stackhouse on 30 July 1759 in Clapham, North Yorkshire, which is not far from Horton in Ribblesdale.

It is possible that Matthew and Ann had all their children in the Horton area. There is a baptism of Richard the son of Matthew a shoemaker in Horton in Ribblesdale on 1 January 1764. The names and date could be consistent with Richard being an elder brother of Matthew the younger. The fact that the Christian names Richard, Matthew and Stephen occur at both Horton and Salterforth provides circumstantial evidence of connection.

In early 2011, my distant Cragg cousin, Steven Broadley, discovered the baptism of Matthew Cragg (the younger) in new data published by the LDS and I have now seen it also in the Lancashire Parish Register Society Volume 172 on Melling in Lonsdale. He was baptised at Melling on 13 November 1768 the son of Matthew and Ann Cragg of Cawood and the entry was made for the Arkholme district of Melling

From the information collected so far the family is as follows before Matthew Cragg the elder moves to Salterforth:

 

There are other records that could relate to the Richard Cragg as head of the family in generation 1.

In Chapel Le Dale we have:

Richard Cragg of Ingleton Fell married Agnes Shaw of Dent in the parish of Sedbergh, by Licence on 10 November 1723.

Hope, daughter of Richard Cragg was baptised at Horton in Ribblesdale on 10 Feb 1723 and was buried on 8 April. (note that at this time the New Year started on Lady Day, 25 March so 10 Feb 1723 is three months after 10 November 1723 and is a plausible record. If the child belongs to this couple and had been born before the marriage it would have been noted as the illegitimate daughter of Agnes Shaw.

Agnes daughter of Richard Cragg, baptised on 12 September 1724 at Chapel le Dale

Another intriguing entry at Horton is for the burial of a Margaret, wife of Richd. Cragg, labourer of Horton on 21 September 1730.

It is possible that the same Richard Cragg married first Agnes Shaw, then Margaret, some time between 1724 September 1730 and then Agnes Walker in 1731. However, to prove this we need a burial of Agnes Shaw some time between 1724 and 1730 and so far none has been found.

The following information has been derived from a variety of sources with most of the information on the Parkinson family and that of Richard Cragg in generation 3, provided by Steven Broadley, a descendant of Richard Cragg. I have also been contacted by Tom Parkinson in Lewiston, Idaho, with details of his ancestry, some of which are appended to the chart below.

Abbreviations

BC Birth certificate
MC Marriage certificate
DC Death certificate
MI at SJ Monumental Inscription at St. John's Methodist Chapel, Colne, Lancashire.
SBC St. Bartholomew's, the Parish Church in Colne.
IGI International Genealogical Index. Used to indicate records not yet checked in the
original register and where full details may not have been given.

Footnote 1

In 1873 there was a survey of land ownership in England, published in 1875. It showed by county, each owner with the number of acres of land and the gross rental value. At that time Stephen Cragg of Salterforth had 16 acres with gross rental value of 48. The executors of Matthew Cragg of Barrowford had 18 acres valued at 70.

Footnote 2

In the 1901 Census, Albert Cragg and family were at 122, Lonsdale Street in Accrington. Elizabeth Ellen his wife is described as being a confectioner and baker, working on her own account at home, indicating that the house was a shop. The eldest daughter was at home helping the business.

Albert Cragg head, 44, married engine driver Barnoldswick, Yorkshire
Elizabeth E Cragg wife, 39, married confectioner, baker Barnoldswick, Yorkshire
Sarah dau, 19, single ditto Accrington
Richard son, 17, single apprentice joiner Accrington
Tom son, 9 school Accrington
Alice son, 5 school Accrington
Footnote 3

In the 1901 census, Bolton Cragg was a border at the house of the Bunting family in Matlock where he was described as an engineer aged 53 born in Yorkshire. Isabella and five unmarried children were at 109 Burnley Road, Colne.

Isabella Cragg Head, 50, married
Colne
Clara dau, 23, single Cotton Weaver Colne
Albert son, 22, single Machine fitter, iron foundry Colne
Florence dau, 20, single Cotton Weaver Colne
Walter son, 19, single Plumber and glazier Colne
Lydia dau, 18, single Cotton Weaver Colne

Footnote 4.

Steven Broadley found records from a family tree on the Internet for Betty Cragg and her husband John Greenwood in Manningham, Bradford. The information below is from the 1841 and 1851 census returns. The first is Lilly Croft Hill or Mill. I include this information to help researchers make a link to the Cragg family tree but have not included information on the later lives of John and Betty's children.

Source Citation: Class: HO107; Piece: 1297; Book: 1; Civil Parish: Bradford; County: Yorkshire; Enumeration District: 2; Folio: 27; Page: 19; Line: 16; GSU roll: 464257.

 

John Greenwood Head, 50 Shop Keeper
Born Yorks
Betty Greenwood 45 Shop Keeper ditto
Margaret Greenwood 26 Stuff Weaver ditto
Matthewe Greenwood 25 ditto ditto
Susan Greenwood 20 ditto ditto
Ann Greenwood 17 ditto ditto
Luke Greenwood 14 ditto ditto
Barrett Greenwood 11 Spinner in factory ditto

There was also a John Greenwood, possibly in the same household who was 20. It is interesting to see Barrett being used as a Christian name, it is the maiden name of Betty's mother. By 1851 the family is a 48? Bavaria Place in Manningham, Bradford, when John is a widower. The family tree from which this information comes mentions the death of Betty in 1848. Born in 1794, she would have been about 54 at ther death.

Source Citation: Class: HO107; Piece: 2310; Folio: 356; Page: 16; GSU roll: 87524-87525.

John Greenwood Head, 62, widower Butcher Born Barnoldswick, Yorkshire
Matthew Greenwood 35, son, unm Butcher ditto
Stephen Greenwood 26, son, unm Overlooker ditto
Luke Greenwood 24, son, unm Wool Sorter ditto
Barriet (sic) Greenwood 22, son, unm Butcher ditto
Parker Greenwood 10, grandson Scholar Bradford

Steven Broadley identified birth records for children of John and Betty Greenwood at the Bridge Street Baptist Chapel in Barnoldswick as follows. However, most are not seen in the 1841 census with the John and Betty Greenwood of current interest. They may have died in infancy or there may be more than one couple called John and Betty Greenwood

Matthew Greenwood 14 September 1815. This fits with him being 26 in 1841
Daniel  Greenwood  6 February 1817
James Greenwood    9 May 1819
Elizabeth Greenwood 22 October 1820
Grace Greenwood    23 March 1834

 

Footnote 5

Monumental Inscription at St. John's Methodist Chapel, Colne, Lancashire. The headstone had been broken into two pieces when viewed.

Wilkinson Parkinson who died 6 Oct 1844, 65 years of age
Also of Ann his wife, 15 Nov 1862, aged 71
Also of Cragg their son, 28 Sep 1836 aged 15 months
Also of Ann their daughter, 16 July 1844 aged 14
Also of Stephen their son, 5 Dec 1864, aged 36
Also of D Tom son of Thomas and Elizabeth Parkinson
grandson of Wilkinson and Ann, 14 Feb 1859 aged
3 years 7 months

A local directory for Colne for 1854 shows Ann Parksinson of Windy Bank as a shopkeeper.

The 1851 Census for Windy Bank in Colne shows Ann Parkinson aged 59 as head of household described as a grocer. She was born in Salterforth. The other residents at the property are Stephen Parkinson aged 22, a cabinet maker born in Colne and Margaret Cragg aged 22, farmer's daughter, born in Salterforth. Source Citation: Class: HO107; Piece: 2254; Folio: 383; Page: 22; GSU roll: 87278. Margaret would be Ann Parkinson's neice.

Footnote 6

In the 1841 census at Salterforth, Yorkshire, Stephen Cragg, is found with children from his first wife, his second wife, Mary Baker, nee Cundal, and a new baby Mary.

 

Name Age Occupation Born in Yorkshire
Steven (sic) Cragg 40 Farmer Yes
Mary Cragg 40   Yes
Matthew Cragg 15   Yes
Ann Cragg 15   Yes
Richard Cragg 15   Yes
Margaret Cragg 13   Yes
Barrett Cragg 12   Yes
Mary Cragg 4 days   Yes
Isabella Barker 12 farm servant No
Betty Walton 28 farm servant No
Abraham Robinson 50 agricultural labourer Yes

 

In the Census of 1851: Salterforth, folio 239 page 6, at Boothmans we find:

Name Age & Status Occupation Born
Stephen Cragg head 50 farmer of 180 acres with two labourers Salterforth
Mary Cragg wife, 51 farmer's wife Ripon
Richard Cragg son, 24, unmarried farmer's son Salterforth
Isabella Barker dau, 20 unmarried (this is daughter of wife Mary formerly Barker by her first husband) Colne, Lancashire
Elizabeth dau, 17 unmarried   Salterforth
Morris Whittaker 17 farm servant Lothersdale, Yorkshire
Cragg Data from North Yorkshire

I have collected together parish register data from several parishes in North Yorkshire on another page.

Robert Cragg senior and Robert Cragg junior Vicars of Hornby

In the course of checking information about the baptism of Matthew Cragg at Melling on 13 November 1768 at Melling, I noticed that there had been two vicars called Robert Cragg. On a visit to the area in 2012 I saw the list of ministers at Hornby which includes the following dates for their ministries: Robert Cragg senior (1761-85) and Robert Cragg junior (1785-95). There is a plan of the churchyard at Hornby on a noticeboard in the church with an index of monumental inscriptions but none relate to the Cragg family. It may be pure coincidence that Matthew Cragg and his wife were in the area when Robert Cragg senior was the minister. I have looked at the lists of those who matriculated at Oxford and Cambridge during the appropriate period. There is a set of books covering Oxford and these are now digitised but there are no Robert Cragg entries. However, at Cambridge there is the entry shown below which mentions that he may be vicar of Hornby. If he matriculated aged 20 in 1732 he was born in 1712. No reference has been found for Robert Cragg junior.

Adm. sizar (age 20) at TRINITY, Sept. 7, 1732. S. of Robert, of Kendal, Westmorland.
School, Heversham, Westmorland.
Matric. 1732; B.A. 1736-7.
Perhaps V. of Hornby, Lancs., 1761.

 

Last revised on 19 Dec 2013.

 

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Craig Thornber, England, United Kingdom Main Site Address: http://www.thornber.net/

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